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how can we declare variable in C without using any space between data_type and variable name

int main() {
a = 42;
printf("Value in a = %d\n",a);

return 0;

using macro...
Macros, which are special lines/fragments of code, differ from any other code written in the source files in the aspect that it's not passed to the compiler (either for the purpose of encoding into machine instructions, or some intermediate form instructions). Instead, macros perform textual manipulations on the source code before passing it to the compiler, where this process preliminary to compiling the source files is called "preprocessing", and the software component responsible of doing it is called the "preprocessor". Henceforth, macros are usually defined as "preprocessor directives", where a segment of code is replaced by the results of the macro processing before passing the source code to the compiler. A very valuable technique to gain a thorough understanding of the operation of macros in any environment is to learn how to obtained the preprocessed source code, and see how the macro directives are expanded.
Preprocessor macros, because of their distinctive nature compared to compiled code, are powerful tools in programming, and that's why the concept of macros is applied in most programming languages, such as the C programming language, and the assmebly language (where each assembler provides its own macro directives).
Macros should not be confused with other compiled code, and they should be used only while bearing in mind how they work, namely by modifying the source code prior to passing it to the compiler. Trying to employ macros to do jobs that cannot be done before compilation, but rather depends on the program's compiled state or the execution yields is a common mistake that beginners make, mainly those who learn programming by reading others' code, and since a lot of programmers use macros excessively for common programming jobs such as the emulation of constants, it's easy for a beginner to fall into the trap of thinking that they represent a code that is "executed" by the processor in run-time.
The excessive use of macros for purposes achieveable by run-time techniques is not recommended, and somehow deprecated. Nevertheless, macros sometimes are viable tools that has no other alternative, such as the case with assertions. Asserting is very common in defensive programming, and means warning the programmer at run-time if some necessary condition was not met upon execution in the Debug versions of the program, so that appropriate actions are taken in the time of development, while completely/or partially disappearing from the code in the Release version. The problem with the function that is meant to carry out such assertion is subtle, because, such a function is sometimes supposed to keep evaluating the expression even in the Release versions, and, if the expression evaluated to false and this were the debug version, it should output a message with a reasonable indication of that failing expression, usually using the textual C code conveying the expression, as well as the line number at which the assertion was performed and the code file name. This very interesting information CANNOT be obtained, in any means, at execution time, and such functionality is only achieveable via using simple -though powerful, macros. The macro used will take the bare expression and put it in an if statement, then within the statement block it will enclose the expression in double quotations to yield the representative string, while inserting the line number at which the assertion line was mentioned in the source file, plus the source file name, using special macro directives that are simply substituted with such information before compilation.
To learn more about C macros, refer to the famous Kernoghan/Richie's book "The ANSI C Programming Language", the explanations are brief but thorough.
Category: My articles | Added by: Sumrat (2012-08-23)
Views: 3514 | Comments: 1 | Rating: 5.0/1
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